Oral surgery

Here are few oral surgical procedures shown with the help of diagrams and photographs to give the patients a view of commonly required surgical procedures.
It may be described as the reduction of boney sockets in which alveolar trimming is done by removing of labio buccal plate of jaw bones and in which minimal amount of interdental and interraducular septum is also removed.

Why it is done?
It is done in those patients in whom the alveolar bone is dense and interbony pathology is present or in those whose teeth resist extraction by forcpes. Gross alveolectomy is indicated where the shape of the alveolar bone is to be improved or where the alveolar bone prevents the accurate sitting of a denture. It is also done where the patient has severe protrusion and the peridontal health is very poor and where orthodontic treatment is not possible for cosmetic reasons gross alveolectomy is done and a new prosthesis is given.

It may be defined as surgical amputation of the apex of the root of a the tooth and periapical curettage is the removal of pathological material present in the periapical region by means of surgical curettage.

Patients undergoing Apicoectomy operation are advised not to use the operated tooth for 8 - 10 months and see that the teeth in the opposite arch are not giving any undue pressure on it after the surgery as either of these condition may hamper the healing process.



When a frenum has a high attachment on the alveolar ridge and this may interfere in orthodontic, prosthodontic and normal oral hygiene procedures. It may be necessary to excise the frenum. When the frenum is excised for orthodontic procedures it is known as (FRENECTOMY) and for prosthetic procedures, (FRENOPLASTY).